Galuh Dwi Ajeng


Impromptu speech gives a different experience in doing public speaking for students. This speech involves students in speaking what they have written in short time. While doing impromptu speech, many students who do not have a good skill in speaking choose to give up while others stand to speechless on the stage. This study is aimed to explore what causes appear related to foreign language anxiety among the English Education Study Program students in speaking impromptu speech. The data were gathered from a qualitative research. The sample of this study was a group of Indonesian students who took Speaking 3 class at STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung. Impromptu speech was taught in this class. The results show that there were four causes of foreign language students’ anxiety: discomfort, fear, shyness, and worry. From the result of the study, some suggestions could be proposed to help the students deal with foreign language anxiety of Indonesian EFL students in speaking impromptu speech.  


Foreign Language Anxiety; Speaking Anxiety; Speaking; Impromptu Speech.

Full Text:



Anandari, Christina Lhakmita. (2015). Indonesian EFL Students’ Anxiety in Speech Production: Possible Causes and Remedy. TEFLIN Journal, 26(1), 1-16.

Bailey, K. M. 1983. Competitiveness and anxiety in adult second language learning: looking at and through the dairy studies. In H. W. Seliger, and M. H. Long (Eds.), Classroom oriented research in second language acquisition (pp. 67-103). Newbury House Publishers, Inc.

Bailey, P., Daley, C. E., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. 1999. Foreign language anxiety and learning style. Foreign Language Annals, 32/1, 63-76.

Barlow, D. H. (1988). Anxiety and its disorders: The nature and treatment of anxiety and panic. New York: Guilford.

Daly, J., & McCoskey, J.C. (1984). Avoiding communication apprehension: Shyness, reticeness, and communication apprehension. Bevery Hills, CA:Sage.& Weber, D.J. (1995). Speech anxiety affects how people prepare speeches. A protocol analysis of the preparation processes of speaker. Communication Monographs, 383-397. Doi: 10.1080/ 03537759509376368.

Daly, J.A. Vangeisi, A.L.,

Cutron, P. (2009). Overcoming Japanese EFL learners’ fear of speaking. University of Reading Language Studies Working Papers, 1, 55-63.

Dörnyei, Z. (2003). Questionnaires in second language research: Construction, administration, and processing. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Electronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, 5(2), 181-19Daly, J. A., Vangelisti, A. L., Neel, H. L., & Cavanaugh, P. D. (1989). Pre-performance concern associated with public speaking anxiety. Communication Quarterly, 37, 39-53.

Gibson, J. W., Gruner, C. R., Hanna, M. S., Smythe, M. J., & Hayes, M. T. (1980). The basic course in speech at U.S. colleges and universities: III. Communication Education, 29, 1-9.

Heinz, Michael. (2013). Impromptu Speaking and Interpretation Studies: A prelimnary Study. Journal of International Education Research – Fourth Quarter 2013. 9(4). 387-396.

Horwitz, E.K., Horwitz, M.B., & Cope, J. (1986). Foreign language classroom anxiety. The Modern Language Journal, 70(2), 125-132.

MacIntyre, P.D. (1995). How does anxiety affect second language learning? A reply to Sparks and Ganschow. The Modern Language Journal, 79(1), 90-99

McCroskey, J.C. (1977). Classroom Consequences of Communication Anxiety. Communication Education, 26, 27-33.

McCroskey, J. C. (1984). The communication apprehension perspective. In J. A. Daly & J. C. McCroskey(Eds.), Avoiding Communication: Shyness, Reticence, and Communication Apprehension (pp. 13-38). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Liu, M. (2007). Anxiety in oral English classrooms: A case study in China. Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching, 3(1), 119-137.

Williams, K. E., & Andrade, M. R. (2008). Foreign language learning anxiety in Japanese EFL university classes: Causes, coping, and locus of control

Yan, J.X., & Horwitz, E. K. (2008). Learners’ perceptions of how anxiety interacts with personal and instructional factors to influence their achievement in English: qualitative analysis of EFL learners in China. Language Learning. 58 (1). 151-183.

Yan, X., & Wang, P. 2001. The impact of language anxiety on students’ Mandarin learning in Hong Kong. Language Teaching and Research, 6, 1-7.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

International Conference on Education and Language (ICEL)
Bandar Lampung University
ISSN: 2303-1417