. Hendarman



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To develop a more advanced and diversified economy and improve its international competitiveness, in education sector, Indonesia focuses the development of 21st century learning skills to the students at all levels to be able to compete with other nations in the world. For this to happen, a number of challenges should be overcome which among others including teachers’ competency, literacy and numeracy skills as measured by PISA, Human Development Index (HDI), and competitiveness index. The engagement of actors or stakeholders within education sector ecosystem plays the pivotal role for the improvement of Indonesia’s education as well as for 21st century learning environment.


Indonesia; learning; 21st century; education; challenges

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Anies Baswedan. 2016. Keterampilan Peserta Didik Abad 21 (presented at a number of forum). Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

Elizabeth Rich. 2010. How Do You Define 21st-Century Learning? One question. Eleven answers. Source:

Gabriel Heller Sahlgren . 2015. The whole part of this section is fully quoted from Real Finnish Lessons: The true story of an education superpower by. This monograph is the winner of the 2014 Charles Douglas-Home Memorial Trust Award, an annual prize established to promote the ideals of freedom and democracy. Support towards research for this report was given by the Institute for Policy Research. ISBN No. 978-1-910627-08-2, Centre for Policy Studies, April 2015 Printed by 4 Print, 138 Molesey Avenue, Surrey, 2010

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OECD/Asian Development Bank. 2015. Education in Indonesia: Rising to the Challenge, OECD Publishing, Paris.

OECD. 2012. PISA (The Programme for International Student Assessment) database.

Totok Suprayitno. 2016. An Adoption of 21st Century Learning in Indonesia. Presented at SEAMEO Council Conference, Bandung 2016.

UNDP. 2016. Human Development Report 2015. Work for human development Briefing note for countries on the 2015: Indonesia.


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International Conference on Education and Language (ICEL)
Bandar Lampung University
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