Performance Assessment in Teaching EFL Reading in Indonesia: Viewed From First Language (L1) Use to Check Learners’ Comprehension

Candra Jaya


In spite of widespread use of English in English Foreign Language learning, the use of First Language (L1) in EFL classroom is still indispensable to teachers and learners. The aim of this qualitative study was to discover teaching EFL reading in senior high school students that was assessed retelling activity (RTA) as a performance assessment by utilizing L1 as a checking device. Teaching EFL reading class is based upon the standards of performance assessment and the principles of the strands of learning English course that are incorporated in L1 use to check learners’ comprehension. Two instruments were used in this study including questionnaire and interview of which each question covered behavior aspect and attitudinal aspect The findings of questionnaires showed that (1) almost all students encountered learning difficulties , consisting of vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, translation, and text comprehension, in EFL use in their performance assessment, (2) almost all students encountered learning facilities, consisting of L1 meaning familiarity and text understanding,  by L1 use in their performance assessment. These are supported by students’ interviews that described (1) their learning difficulties in EFL use that consisted of word meaning and text understanding, (2) their learning facilities in L1 use that consisted of L1 meaning familiarity and text understanding.


first language (L1) use; English foreign language (EFL) use; performance assessment; retelling activity (RTA)

Full Text:



Abedi, J. (2010). Performance Assessment for English Language Learners. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Standford Center for Opportunity Policy in Education

Ary, D. et.all. (2006). Introduction to Research in Education (7th Ed). Belmont: Thomson Wadsworth Corporation.

Boke, N., & Hewitt, G. (2004). Reading to Learn: Strategy Guide to Strategy instruction. Vermont : Vermont strategic Reading Initiative.

Cahyono, B.Y., &Widiati, U. (2006). The Teaching of EFL Reading in the Indonesian Context: The State of the Art .TEFLIN Journal, 17 (1), 36-58.

Creswell, J.W. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (4th Ed). Boston: Pearson Education.

Dornye,Z.( 2003). Questionnaires in Second Language Research: constructing, administration, and processing. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publisher.

Education,B. C.T. (2004). Exploring Comprehension through Retelling: A Teachers’ Story. Retrieved from

Gibson,A., Gold.,&Sgourus, C. (2003). The Power of Story Retelling. Retrieved from

Hamra, A., &Syatriana, E. (2010). Developing A Model of Teaching Reading Comprehension for EF Students. TEFLIN Journal, 21 (1), 27-40.

Hidayati, I, N. (2012). Evaluating the Role of L1 in Teaching Receptive Skills and Grammar in EFL Classes. Conaplin Journal, 1 (2), 17-31. [11] Iftanti, E. (2012). A Survey of the English Reading Habits of EFL Students in Indonesia. TEFLIN Journal, 23 (2), 149-164.

Julie, L. 2009. Safety Diagnosis Tool Kit for Local Communities: Guide to Organizing Semi-Structured Interviews with Key Informants (Vol11) Quebec: Institut National de SantePublique.

Meyer, H. (2008). The Pedagogical Implications of L1 Use in the L2 Classroom. Maebashi KyoaiGakuen College Ronsyu, 8, 147-159.

Nation, I.S.P. (2009). Teaching Second Language Reading. New York : Routledge

Nation, K. (2008) Children's Reading Comprehension Difficulties. In M. J.

Snowling and C. Hulme (Eds.), The Science of Reading (pp.246-265): Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470757642.ch14

Nation, P. (2003). The role of the first language in foreign language learning. Asian EFL Journal, 5(2), 1-8

Rog, L.,J. (2003) Guided Reading Basics: Retelling and Responding to Texts. Retrieved from

Solhi, M., &Buyukyazi, M. (2011). The Use of the First Language in the FL Classroom: A facilitating or debilitating device. In Azamat AKBAROV (Ed), Linguistics and Cultural Diversity within Learning Communities: Cross Cultural and Trans-national Perspective: Proceeding of 1st International Conference Language Teaching and Applied Lingustics., 5-7 May 2011

Troike, M,S. (2006). Introducing Second Language Acquisition.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tuckman, B.W. (1999). Conducting Educational Research (5th Ed). Orlando: Harcourt Brace College Publisher.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

International Conference on Education and Language (ICEL)
Bandar Lampung University
ISSN: 2303-1417