Is Cooperative Learning Appropriate Instructional Methodology to Support the Implementation of Curriculum 2013 in Indonesia?: Theoretical and Cultural Analysis

Yanuar Dwi Prastyo


Cooperative Learning (CL) is one of the instructional methodologies which have gain international attention in the globalization era. Cooperative learning is now utilized in schools and universities throughout most of the world in every subject area and from preschool through graduate school and adult training program (Johnson & Johnson, 2009). In hundreds of studies, cooperative learning has been associated with gains in such variables as achievement, motivation, social skills, intergroup relation, and attitudes toward school, self, and others(Dornyei, 1997; Johnson, Johnson, & Smith, 1998; Johnson, Johnson, & Stanne, 2000; Slavin, 1996). Recently,some techniques of cooperative learning have been adopted by a number of teachers in Indonesia. At the same time, the Government of Indonesia through The Ministry of Education and Culture (MOEC) introduced new curriculum, called curriculum 2013, in order to improve their education quality. As the main objectives of Curriculum 2013 are to improve students’ attitudes, skills, and knowledge (Republik Indonesia, 2012), there will be a need to be changes in the approaches to learning and teaching to be more learner-centred. This has implications for the needs of teacher training and development programs as well as instructional methodology appropriate to support the curriculum 2013.There is a requirement to provide more active learning in the classroom. This paper as part of larger study part of the Structured PhD in TESOL program University of Limerick, Ireland, is aimed at exploring if cooperative learning, which intends to include and engage learners and therefore promote active learning, is appropriate instructional methodology to support the implementation of Curriculum 2013. This paper argues that cooperative learning is an effective instructional methodology to support, and therefore achieve, three main objectives of Curriculum 2013.



cooperative learning; instructional methodology; curriculum 2013; Indonesian culture

Full Text:



Aziz, A. (2011). Curriculum Development in Indonesian Education. Madrasah. 3(2). Downloaded from on 03-03-2014

DelliCarpini, M. (2009). Enhancing Cooperative Learning in TESOL Teacher Education. ELT Journal, 63(1), 42-50.

Dewi, Anita. (2007). Improving English Teaching in Universitas Islam Indonesia: Implementation of Cooperative Learning. Paper presented in The Second Niennial International Conference on Teaching and Learning of English in Asia: Exploring New Frontiers (TELiA2), 14-16 June 2007, Universiti Utara Malaysia, pp.1-12. ISBN 978-983-4206-2-3

Dornyei, Z. (1997). Psychological Processes in Cooperative Language Learning: Group Dynamics and Motivation. The Modern Language Journal. 81(4), 482-493.

Johnson, D., &Johnson, R. (1989). Cooperation and Competition: Theory and Research. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company.

Johnson, D., Johnson, R., & Smith, K. (2007). The State of Cooperative Learning in Postsecondary and Professional Settings. Educational Psychology Review. 19(1),15-29.

Johnson, D., Johnson, R., &Holubec, E. (1994). The Nuts and Bolts of Cooperative Learning. Interaction Book Company, Edina, Minnesota.

Johnson, D., Johnson, R, &Stanne, M. (2000). Cooperative Learning Methods: A Meta-Analysis. Running Heads: Cooperative Learning Methods.

Kawamura, K. (2011). Consensus and Democracy in Indonesia: Musyawarah-Mufakat Revisited. IDE Discussion Paper No. 308. Institute of Developing Economies (IDE), JETRO. Accessed from at 21.48

Kyndt, Eva., Elisabeth Raes, Bart Lismont, FransTimmers, Eduardo Cascallar, and Filip Dochy. (2013). A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Face-to-face Cooperative Learning: Do Recent Studies Falsify or Verify Earlier Findings?.Educational Research Review. 10, 133-149.

McAlister, Clare M., (2009). Is Cooperative Learning an Appropriate Pedagogy to Support the Four Capacities of Curriculum for Excellence? Thesis for Master of Philosophy (M.Phil). Glasgow University.

Prastyo, Yanuar D., Mishan, F. & Vaughan, E. (2014). Cooperative Learning in Indonesian Context: Potential Benefits and Drawbacks for Application. Paper submitted to International Language Conference, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), 4-6 June 2014.

Rahmawati, L., Padmadewi, Nyoman, Ratminingsih, Made (2014). The Effect of CIRC Strategy and Achievement Motivation towards Students’ Reading Comprehension. e-Journal Program PascasarjanaUniversitasPendidikanGanesha Program Study Pendidikan Bahasa. 3, 1-12

Republik Indonesia. (2012), DokumenKurikulum 2013, Jakarta, Indonesia: KementerianPendidikandanKebudayaan.

Republik Indonesia, (2013), Kurikulum 2013: KompetensiDasarSekolahDasar (SD) / Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (MI), Jakarta, Indonesia: KementerianPendidikandanKebudayaan.

Republik Indonesia, (2013), Kurikulum 2013: KompetensiDasarSekolahMenengahPertama (SMP) / Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTs), Jakarta, Indonesia: KementerianPendidikandanKebudayaan.

Republik Indonesia, (2013), Kurikulum 2013: KompetensiDasarSekolahMenengahAtas (SMA) / Madrasah Aliyah (MA), Jakarta, Indonesia: KementerianPendidikandanKebudayaan.

Republik Indonesia, (2013), Kurikulum 2013: KompetensiDasarSekolahMenengahKejuruan (SMK) / Madrasah Aliyah Kejuruan (MAK), Jakarta, Indonesia: KementerianPendidikandanKebudayaan.

Republik Indonesia. (2003). Undang-UndangRepublik Indonesia Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 tentangSistimPendidikanNasional. Jakarta, Indonesia: Author.

Richards, Jack C. & Rodgers, Theodore S. (2001). Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching: Second Edition.United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press.

Sihombing, Sabrina O. &Feriadi D. Pongtuluran (2011). Understanding Indonesian Values: A Preliminary Research to Identify Indonesian Culture. Paper Presented at International Conference Political Economy of Trade Liberalization in 1 Developing East Asia: Sustainability, Governance, and the Role of Small Business. 24-25 November 2011, Brawijaya University, Malang.

Slavin, R.E. (1996). Research on Cooperative Learning and Achievement: What We Know, What We Need to Know. Contemporary Educational Psychology. 21,43-69

Subejo, (2009). Characteristics and Functions of Labor Institutions in Rural Java: A Case Study in Yogyakarta Province. Journal ISSAAS. 15(1), 101-117. Accessed from

Udosen, Alice E., (2014). Learner Autonomy and Curriculum Delivery in Higher Education: The Case of University of Uyo, Nigeria. International Education Studies. 7(3), 40-50


  • There are currently no refbacks.

International Conference on Education and Language (ICEL)
Bandar Lampung University
ISSN: 2303-1417