Parents’ Perceptions of School Excellence

Wasal Khan, Mohammad Iqbal


The education system of Pakistan, in general, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, in particular, suffers from deterioration. Most of the schools in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa direly need improvement. Turning schools into Centres of Excellence requires exploration of factors that couldlead them to excellence.

According to Sergiovanni (1983) excellence is identified with effective schools which, like other human enterprises, grow over a period of time, through persistent efforts for changing conditions; painstaking approaches for maintaining the complex processes and relationship within and outside the schools. Research has documented that attempting to improve the quality of personal relationships among stakeholders was instrumental to better school climate, staff morale, and public confidence in schooling.

The current study was carried out in boys’ secondary schools located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The population of the study included all the parents whose children were studying in those schools. It was also because parents were considered more important stakeholders in schooling of their children. The sample comprised 60 parents purposively selectedproportionately of 30 sampled boys’ high schools (26 from private sector and 4 from public sector).

Interviews with parents were used as major instrument for collection of data. Those were held with purposively selected respondents whose children were in 10th class of each sampled school. The interview items were of multi-dimensional nature.The data were given both quantitative and qualitative treatment. The outcome of the study revealed a number of factors based on parents’ responses and expectations that could help convert a school into a centre of excellence.


Community; Effectiveness; Excellence; Factors; Parents; Perception; Relationship; School

Full Text:



Bouchey, H. A., and Harter, S. (2005). Reflected Appraisals, Academic Self-Perceptions,and Math/Science Performance During Early Adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology.

Imran, M. (2008). A Comparative Study of Quality of Education in Public and Private Secondary Schools of Punjab, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi Pakistan.p.6, 9-10, 45-46.

Munir. S (2010). A Sociological Study of Parent-Teacher Relations in Public Secondary Schools in Pakistan, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Nottingham: UK. P.99-100.

NunesTerezinda. (2006). Effective Teaching and Learning. TLRP Institute of Education University of London 20 Bedford way London WC 1 H OAL. July 25th, 2011.

Robert J. Marzano, Timothy Waters, Brian A. McNulty (2005). School leadership that works: from research to results. Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning 2550 S. Parker Road, Suite 500 • Aurora, CO 80014-1678 USA.

Sergiovanni, T.J. (1983). Leadership and Excellence in Schooling, Journal of Social Science, (University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign).

Teddlie C and Reynolds D. (2000). The International Handbook of School Effectiveness Research, 11 New Fetter Lane, London, Falmer Press EC4P 4EE

Willms, J.D. (2004). Understanding the Early Years: Early Childhood Development in the Dixie Bloor Community of Mississauga, Ontario. Hull, Quebec: Applied Research Branch of Human Resources Development Canada.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

International Conference on Education and Language (ICEL)
Bandar Lampung University
ISSN: 2303-1417