Curriculum Improvement for Better Indonesian Education: A Reconstructed Philosophy of Education Revisited

Udin Saripudin Winataputra, Riza Al Rakhman


It is generally accepted that curriculum can be considered as aprogressively modifiable ideas, plan, and reality. For Indonesian education to catch up with current scientific and tehnological progresses as well as changing Indonesian society’s needs,  the central government’s efforts to continually improve the school curricula have been undergone recently. It is hoped the new curricula would be able to fullfill the Middle Range National Development Plan mision which call for revisiting all the better thoughts and efforts to improve the existing 2006 school-based curricula or the KTSP (Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan) curricula.

This article analyzes foundational ideas and principles which could explain the why, what, how the improvement of the existing curricula are urgently needed. Conceptual analysis will be applied  to look into all national foundational imperatives which call for improving school curricula as well as asking all national education stakeholders to enhance both national concern and collaboration for the bettermen of future Indonesian generation through building and implementing quality education, primarily that for schools. 


Curriculum; modifiable ideas, plan and reality; national imperatives; foundational ideas; school- based curricula; national concerns and collaboration; quality education

Full Text:



American Association of School Librarian (......)Standars for 21st-Century Learners.

Anderson, L.W. and Kathwohl, D.R. Eds. (2001) A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: A Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, New York: Longmann

Brameld, T. (1965) Education as Power, New York: Holt,Rinehart and Winston, Inc

Cohen, D.E. and Deer< C.E. (1977) Curiculum Development Framework, North Ryde: Macquarie university (Unpublished)

Kolb, D.A, (1984) Experiential Learning, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall,Inc

Katzwohl ( 1962) Taxonmy of Educational Objectives: Handbook of Affective Domain, New York: MacMillan

Ministry of National Education and Culture (2012) Pengembangan Kurikjlum 2013, Jakarta: Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan (Unpublished)

Oliva,P.F. (1988) Developing the Curriculum, Glenview: Scott,Foresman and Company

Republik Indonesia (2010) Peraturan Presiden 17/2010 Tentang Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional, Jakarta: Sekretariat Kabinet

_________(2003) Undang-Undang Nomor. 20 Tahun 2003 Tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional, Jakarta: Sekretaiat Negara

________(2010) Rencana Strategis Pendidikan Nasional Tahun 2010-2015, Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional

________(2005) Peraturan Pemerintah No. 19 Tahun 2005 Tentang Standar Nasional Pendidikan, Jakarta: Sekretariat Negara

________(2006) Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional No. 22 Tahun 2006 Tentang Standar Isi, Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional

________(2006) Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional No. 23 Tahun 2006 Tentang Standar Kompetensi Lulusan, Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional

________(2006) Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional No. 24 Tahun 2006 Tentang Pelaksanaan Pewraturan Pemerintah No. 22 dan 23 Tentang Standar Isi dan Standar Kompetensi Lulusan, Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional

________(2010) Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia tentang Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional, Jakarta: Sekretariat Negara

Schrum, L. , Levin,B.B. (2009) Leading 21st –Century Schools: Harnessing Technology for Enggagement and Achievement, Thousands Oaks: Corwin A SAGE Company

Stenhouse,L.W. (1975) Curriculum Research and Development: London: Open University of London

Taba, H.J. (1962) Curriculum Development: Theory and Practice, London: Harcout and Brace

Tyler,R.J. (1949) Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction, Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Wheeler, D.W. (1972) Curriculum Management, Bantam Books: London


  • There are currently no refbacks.

International Conference on Education and Language (ICEL)
Bandar Lampung University
ISSN: 2303-1417